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We want you to find the perfect diamond for your needs. It is important to us that you feel you have made a confident and informed decision. Buying the perfect diamond is much easier following a few simple guidelines. These guidelines help to determine the size and quality of your diamond and ultimately the cost of the diamond that you select. Bigger is not necessarily better and color may be compromised for clarity when it comes to making the final decision. Generally we recommend that in the decision between color and clarity it is often better to choose the diamond with the better color. The eye has to search for inclusions in a better diamond, color though, is detected more quickly. Please call or email us if you have questions about these definitions, we are always available to help you.
There is much information available about diamonds. We hope this synopsis will help you as you go about the exciting and sometimes daunting process of choosing the perfect diamond for your needs. A diamond is sold first by size or carat weight. Carat weight is how big or small a diamond is. Measured from the smallest carat of .0005CT to a full carat diamond 1.00CT and larger, diamonds are available in almost every size. The largest polished diamond in the world is the Golden Jubilee Diamond which is a whopping 545.67 carats! Engagement ring center diamonds vary from the smaller 0.50Ct to the much larger 2.50Ct, depending on an individual’s budget and style choices.
What makes a diamond cherished is in part, that to mine a diamond clean enough of natural inclusions (think birthmarks) thousands of pounds of earth are mined. The phrase “One in a Million” is thought to have been coined on the fact that a million pounds of earth are moved to find the perfect engagement quality diamond, a “one in a million diamond for a one in a million girl!” as the saying goes.
The less natural inclusions or marks within a diamond the higher the clarity grade. The process of crystalization that creates a clean diamond is created over centuries of intense heat and pressure. The cleanest diamonds are very rare and are given the clarity grade of IF or FL (Internally Flawless or Flawless) and it is these that are among the most expensive diamonds. The availablity and price of these very rare diamonds makes them less likely to be chosen for most engagement rings. Choosing a diamond that is graded for clarity in the VVS (Very, Very Slightly included), VS (Very Slightly included) or SI (Slightly Included) grading profile is the most preferred choice. These grades reflect how markings within a diamond are seen under 10x magnification. Diamonds in these ranges generally do not have inclusions that can be seen with the naked eye, though some in the SI range may be visible.
How well a diamond is cut is what determines the brilliance of the diamond. The better the cut of the diamond creates an optimum play of light off the facets within the diamond, the better the sparkle from it. The cut refers not so much to the shape of the diamond as is does to the internal and more technical aspects of angles of refraction (the way light within the diamond.)
The color grade of a diamond is a reflection of the lack of color within it. The whiter a diamond is the higher the color grade. The scale that is used in color grading begins with the cleanest color grade of D and progresses down an alphabetical scale to Z. Most engagement ring quality diamonds fall into the color grade of F to H.